21.04.2022

Seminarium ACMiN: Tracing a new path in the field of AI: the development of Chemical Artificial Intelligence (CAI)


Akademickie Centrum Materiałów i Nanotechnologii AGH zaprasza na seminarium, które odbędzie się w formie hybrydowej 21 kwietnia 2022 r. o godz. 14.00.

Wykład zatytułowany „Tracing a new path in the field of AI: the development of Chemical Artificial Intelligence (CAI)” wygłosi prof. dr Pier Luigi Gentili (Department of Chemistry, Biology and Biotechnology, University of Perugia, Włochy).

udział stacjonarny: ACMiN AGH (Kraków, ul. Kawiory 30, bud. D-16, sala 1.02A)
udział zdalny: link 

Streszczenie

Artificial Intelligence is having an enormous impact on our societies. There are two strategies to develop Artificial Intelligence. One strategy consists in writing human-like intelligent software running in computers or special-purpose hardware. The other strategy is neuromorphic engineering that implements surrogates of neurons, through non-biological systems, for either neuro-prosthesis or the design of brain-like computing machines. Surrogates of neurons can be implemented by either solid materials in hardware or solutions of non-linear chemical systems in wetware or hybrid electrochemical systems. In our research group, we are pursuing the wetware approach. We use Molecular, Supramolecular, and Systems Chemistry to mimic some basic performances of the elements of the human nervous system. Stimuli-responsive materials are chosen as surrogates of sensory cells. For example, we have developed a photochromic system, which extends human vision from the visible to the UV. We have devised elementary artificial networks based on oscillatory chemical reactions and photosensitive compounds, which communicate through UV-visible signals and give rise to phenomena of temporal self-organization analogous to those of real neurons.
Finally, we have implemented a composite system, made of a pH-sensitive gel and dialysis membrane, working as an artificial gland model.
The sensory, neural, and actuator systems we have devised can be used as modules for futuristic Chemical Robots. The design of the elements for Chemical Robots blazes the new trail of Chemical Artificial Intelligence.