The list of topics for the entry exam to the AGH Doctoral School in discipline Cultural and religious studies

Introduction to Cultural Studies:

  • Types of culture definitions according to A. Kroeber and C. Cluckhohn.
  • Culture and nature - unity, opposition or contradiction?
  • Science and its basic concepts. Scientific theories and hypotheses, their characteristics, functions, and the role in culture.
  • Science and its basic concepts. Determinism - indeterminism - teleologism. Empiricism and rationalism.
  • Science and religion - conflicts and the forms of dialogue.
  • Science vs. mythology, and magical thinking.
  • Rationalism and irrationalism in culture.
  • Parasciences and their role in social life.
  • Cyberculture, its characteristics and the prospects of development.
  • Culture of the global society.
  • Symbolic concept of culture and man - Ernst Cassirer’s concept.
  • Marxian vision of culture.
  • Psychoanalytic theory of man and culture (Freudian concept of man, Freud’s and Jung’s concepts of the unconscious, Jung's theory of archetypes).
  • Structuralist concept of culture (culture as language, cultural langue and parole, synchronic and diachronic studies of culture, e.g. on the example of myth).
  • Post-structuralism of Foucault and Barthes (the notion of power knowledge, power and language, functioning and influence of contemporary myths).
  • Postmodern reality - diagnoses of postmodernists and postmodern theoreticians (Bauman, Baudrillard, Featherstone).

 

History of culture and civilisation:

  • The history of European culture and civilisation: chronological divisions and their justification.
  • The nineteenth century in the history of culture and civilisation: the chronological framework and characteristics.
  • The modern epoch in the history of culture and civilisation.
  • The Middle Ages in the history of culture and civilization.
  • The image of the world in European science: transformations and cultural context.
  • The technological innovations of the 19th century and their impact on cultural transformations.
  • The place of art in European culture: historical aspects.
  • The technologies of image and text reproduction in a historical perspective.
  • Renaissance art.
  • The art of the Middle Ages.
  • Art of the Baroque period.
  • Art collecting and museology in the context of culture history.
  • The avant-garde art in a cultural context.
  • The history of Christianity in the context of transformations in European culture.
  • History of Islam and Judaism in a cultural context.
  • Hinduism and Buddhism: history and cultural context.

 

 

Theories of culture:

  • Typological problems with defining culture - the variety of criteria. The problem of cultural sources.
  • Adaptation as a basic mechanism of culture creation. Sociobiology and its basic assumptions.
  • Adaptation as a basic mechanism of culture creation. Analogies between cultural and biological development - A Wierciński.
  • Adaptation as a basic mechanism of creating culture. Evolutionary psychology.
  • Unconsciousness as a source of culture. S. Freud - culture as a result of repression and sublimation. Culture as a source of suffering.
  • Culture as a symbolic system. The origin and types of symbols.
  • Language and communication systems as a source of culture. Anthropolinguistics, E. Sapir and B. L. Whorf. Language and the image of the world.
  • Language and communication systems as a source of culture. Cognitive linguistics. The role of metaphor and metonymy in creating culture.
  • Non-linguistic communication systems and their role in culture.
  • Values ​​as a source of culture. The problem of values existence, ​​and the types of values.
  • Values ​​as a source of culture. The problem of universalism of values ​​– a philosophy and cultural anthropology perspective.
  • Intercultural dialogue and the forms of acculturation.
  • Confrontation of traditional value systems with globalisation processes, the prospects for the solution.
  • Characteristics of popular culture.
  • Cyberculture and globalisation.
  • The culture of the Internet.

 

 

Methodology of cultural studies:

  • Compare the advantages and disadvantages of quantitative and qualitative research in social sciences.
  • "Oral history" as a method of studying the culture past.
  • The method of interview in humanities.
  • Focus group interview.
  • Survey methods in the study of culture.
  • The rules of survey design.
  • Evoked and existing sources.
  • Semiotic analysis of cultural texts.
  • Stages of the research process. Discourse analysis.
  • Quantitative content analysis.
  • Observation as a research method.
  • The use of the ethnographic approach in the organisation and market research.
  • Rules for sample selection in quantitative research.
  • Principles of sample selection in qualitative research.
  • Ethical problems of qualitative research.
  • Research into the Internet and new media.