The list of topics for the entry exam to the AGH Doctoral School in discipline Biomedical Engineering

Concepts of: biocybernetic model, simulation of biological system and examples of their application to selected problems of biology and medicine. The role of biocybernetics and biomedical engineering in progress of technology, biology and medical sciences as well as civilization achievements.

Backgrounds of theoretical neurocybernetics, goals and methods of brain modeling, various types of artificial neural networks with applications, basics of cognition sciences. Models of biological and technical perception systems (auditory and visual systems in human), regulatory systems (the concept of homeostasis and structure of management systems), and control systems (control and coordination of motor system, control with the gamma loop, cooperation of synergic and antagonist muscles). Population models.

Selected issues of artificial intelligence in biomedical applications. Knowledge representation methods. Concepts of incomplete and tentative knowledge. Expert systems. Inference rules in systems with rule-based representation of knowledge. Fuzzy logic, evolutionary algorithms. Biomedical engineering systems and applications for diagnostics, therapy, rehabilitation and prosthetics of various organs and body parts – examples and general design rules. Computer methods for biomedical signal processing and methods for automated analysis and image recognition.

Methods applied in biological and physiological measurements, monitoring of blood circulation, muscle stress, fetal wellbeing, brain function, visual and auditory perception. Examples of digital supportive tools for signal and image-based diagnostics. Multidimensional and multimodal signals. Computer methods for feature extraction and objects / events classification. Methods of surveillance of human in daily living activities (assisted living), ordination and particular characteristics of sensors. Sensor networks. Data security and privacy-related problems in physiological measurement and data transmission. Hospital information systems, therapy planning automatic and telematic triage. Problems of telemedicine: data secyrity and reliability, seamless data access, aspects of mobility and energetic efficiency of equipment. Brain-Computer Interfaces: paradigms and particular characteristics of BCIs.