Earth and related environmental sciences

1. Sedimentological analysis of the muddy turbidities in the Outer Carpathians

Supervisor: dr hab. Anna Waśkowska

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: The Outer Carpathians are built from nappes, which mainly consist of the sedimentary rocks of the turbiditic origin. During Mesozoic and Cenozoic time span, these deposits originated in the western part of the Tethys Ocean, which is distinguished as Carpathian Basin. According to the paleogeography, the basinal units were separated by the intrabasinal ridges and full spectrum from shallow- to deep- water environments functioned there, including the areas covered by turbiditic sedimentation.

Within the deposits of turbiditic origin, muddy turbidites are particularly interesting. They are basic component of the many litostratigraphic divisions in the Outer Carpathians but despite this their recognition is still rather poor. Deposition of turbidites took place under changing energy conditions. Therefore, they are characterized by textural and structural variability. The sedimentological analysis allow to establish their variability and their dependence from particular environmental factors, deposition mechanisms, sedimentary basinal position and allow to determine the crucial factors for their development. Supplementary paleontological data concerning the autochthonous microfauna allow paleobathymetric and paleoecological interpretation of sedimentary environment. The final result of this study should be the construction of a complementary sedimentological model. Analysis of muddy turbidites will be conducted on the chosen lithostratigraphic divisions. The general model is expected as a consequence of regional study.

Research facilities: The field studies, related to comprehensive geological documentation and laboratory analyses are basic research methods and should provide the complex package of data. The main group of analyzes are microscopic studies of thin thin-sections, polish cross-sections and paleontological material. These analyzes use a binocular, polarizing, confocal, cathodoluminescence and scanning microscopy. In order to determine individual mineral components and the chemical composition of siltstone and claystone, they will be supplemented with chemical analyses.

The laboratories at the Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection AGH provide appropriate research equipment and computer hardware for realisation of the research issue.

Number of places: 3

 

2. Application of hydrous and anhydrous pyrolysis for simulation of hydrocarbon generation processes and self-heating of coal waste

Supervisor: dr hab. inż. Dariusz Więcław, prof. AGH

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: Hydrous pyrolysis in a closed system (HP) is the only laboratory method in which it is possible to quantify the generated and expelled liquid (oil) and gas hydrocarbons qualitatively similar to oil and gas generated in natural conditions. Analysis of the rock oil potential before and after HP experiments conducted under different conditions enables the construction of a transformation path for the source rock. The results of experiments and analyses of pyrolytic media are used to: i) determine the amount and composition of hydrocarbons generated from source rocks, ii) determine the conditions and extent of oil cracking zones to gas depending on the genetic type of source kerogen, iii) correlate natural petroleum - oil generated in HP experiments, natural gas - gas generated in HP experiments for determination of potential hydrocarbon migration paths.

Pyrolytic experiments conducted with water (HP) or without water (dry distillation - DD) for carbon waste allow to simulate the process of self-heating and to determine the amount and composition of pollutants emitted to the environment at various stages of the process. These studies contribute to a better recognition and understanding of the processes of self-heating of coal waste and associated emissions of pollutants into the environment, and thus the selection of appropriate methods to reduce them. Research on gaseous products (hydrocarbon gases, CO and CO2, nitrogen and sulfur-containing compounds), liquid (hydrocarbons, organic compounds containing oxygen, sulfur and nitrogen), soluble in water (organic and inorganic) and solids obtained during HP and DD will be correlated with pollutants collected from coal waste dumps.

Research facilities: WGGiOŚ AGH has a full set of research equipment enabling conducting HP and DD experiments and testing of pyrolytic media (Rock-Eval analysis, determination of the molecular composition of gas and liquid products (GC-FID, GC-TCD, GC-MS, GC-MS-MS) and stable carbon and hydrogen isotopes of selected gaseous hydrocarbons (GC-IRMS) and stable carbon isotopes of crude oil, bitumens, their fractions and kerogen (EA-IRMS)).
Research will be carried out as part of projects:
a. NCN project "Evaluation of the amount and chemical composition of pollutants emitted during coal waste self-heating processes simulated by hydrous and anhydrous pyrolysis and high temperature oxidation"
b. Project of OP IR 4.1.1, "Support for scientific research and development works in the field of the gas sector operation" – INGA

Number of places: 2

 

3. Characterization of the barite-sulphide mineralization in the Góry Sowie Mts.

Supervisor: dr hab. Jaroslav Pršek

Auxiliary supervisor: dr hab. Stanislav Jeleň

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: Scientific project will be study problems concerning to weakly known barite-sulphide mineralization common in the Góry Sowie Mts. area. This mineralization was a source of barite as well as silver or other metals in the past times. Barite is now critical material and obtained information from the research will gave notes to the genesis and occurrences of such interesting mineralization. Barite mineralization was exploited in several bigger or smaller areas: Srebrna Góra, Bystrzyca Górna, Boguszów, Jeżów Sudecki, Stanisławów, Modliszów and others. There are lack of scientific information on fluid inclusions, contents of rare elements (Ag, Ga, Ge, In. Cd, Au) or their bearers. Only few information on mineralogy of individual places are available. Results of the published or non-published data show very interesting mineralogical composition of the veins as well as interesting history of the mineralization forming. The main scope of the research is mineralogical-geochemical analyses of the barite veins, fluid inclusion study in transparent minerals (barite, quartz, carbonates) as well as non-transparent (mainly sphalerite) to identify precise temperature of mineralization forming and source of hydrothermal solutions and isotope study -O, S, Sr, C (barite, quartz, carbonates, chalcopyrite, sphalerite, galena) to help identified the way of the mineralization forming and reconstruct the geological history of that area.

Research facilities: At WGGiOŚ is available practically all necessary infrastructure (XRD, XRF, EMPA, EDS, IR, Raman) for planned research. During the planned researches connected to the topic, student together with supervisors will be cooperated with scientific institutions in the Europe (Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Jena University). Financial support for basic mineralogical-geochemical analyses as well as isotopic and fluid inclusions research will be covered by Slovak Scientific Institutions with help of the co-supervisor. Slovak Scientific Institutions are well-equipped and they own infrastructure necessary for the fluid inclusion (also in IR camera) or isotopic study (O, S, C, Sr).

Number of places: 1

 

4. Synthetic analogs of minerals as advanced Cu-based solid-solution photocatalysts

Supervisor: dr hab. inż. Maciej Manecki

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: Methylene blue (MB) dye removal from water and water waste has gained significant attention in concern with green environment. Currently, the rapid industrialization in developing countries has begun to introduce harmful organic pollutants into the water supply. These effluents are also sourced from the textile industry that consumes a large quantity of water in the process of dyeing and washing of fabrics and the release of huge quantities of dyes. Colored wastewater emanating mainly from textile industries is one of the most polluting wastewater. Among many strategies, photocatalysis is regarded as the most viable one, especially for treatment of contaminants, due to its usage of sunlight to decompose organic pollutants.

The use of mineral-based semiconductors as photocatalysts has been the focus of recent attention since it aims at the destruction of contaminants in water and air. When a semiconductor is irradiated with photons with energy greater than its band gap energy, electron-hole pairs are formed. In aqueous system, holes react with water or OH−adsorbed on the surface of the semiconductor to produce OH·radicals, and electrons trapped at surface sites react with O2 to form superoxide anion radical O2· (or HO2·at lower pH). The oxidizing species undergo a series of reaction to convert the dye to biodegradable intermediates and finally to CO2, water, and salts of mineral acids.

The objective of the study is synthesis and photocatalytic characterization of series of substances which are solid solutions of Cu-based minerals. It is hypothesized that intermediate solid solutions exhibit better photocatalytic properties than pure end members. This will be accomplished by laboratory synthesis of two types of materials, analogs of natural minerals: stannite sulfosalts Cu2(FexMnx-1)SnS4 solid solutions (semiconductors) and various 3D hierarchical superstructures of libethenite Cu2PO4OH – olivenite Cu2AsO4OH solid solutions. The structural and chemical properties of as prepared photo-catalyst samples will be characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and UV-visible absorption spectroscopy techniques. The photo-degradation of methylene blue has been chosen as a model reaction to evaluate the photocatalytic activities of the phases in question and their solid solutions. The effect of isomorphic substitution in the structures on photocatalytic properties will be determined to optimize the procedure of synthesis. The possible photocatalytic activity enhanced mechanism will be proposed.

Research facilities: Laboratory equipment and equipment necessary for synthesis and for photocatalytic experiments has already been purchased Rusing other funds. The project is low-budget and the reagents are relatively cheap and widely available. In the case of the publication of preliminary results at the early stages of the project, it is envisaged to submit the NCN Preludium grant application.

Number of places: 1

 

5. Application of sequence stratigraphy to the reconstruction of a Pliocene‒Pleistocene submarine fan development in the central part Song Hong‒Yinggehai Basin, offshore Vietnam

Supervisor: prof. dr hab. Szczepan Porębski

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: The Song Hong‒Yinggehai Basin (SHYB) is one of the largest pull-apart basins in East Vietnam Sea continental shelf (South China Sea) and originated due to dextral shear along the Red River Fault. The basin margins were controlled by normal and strike-slip fault systems active chiefly within the 30‒5.5 Ma time span. The basin fill comprises an Eocene‒Quaternary siliciclastic succession up to 17 km thick, which during the Pliocene was deposited within coastal plain, shelf to slope/deep-sea fan systems. The central part of the Song Hong Basin, comprised of four hydrocarbon-exploration blocks, forms the study area for the proposed dissertation work that is aimed at reconstructing the depositional and stratigraphic evolution of the Pliocene‒Pleistocene fan system using a sequence-stratigraphic methodology. The study will be based on 2D and 3D seismic images and data derived from 11 exploration wells. The expected results should provide also a sound, sedimentological-stratigraphic foundation for recommendations regarding a further exploration work for hydrocarbons in the area.

Research facilities: The work will be based on 2D and 3D seismic images, wireline logs, results of biostratigraphic dating, core descriptions and archive reports. Analytical work will be performed on the Petrel platform, which is available in the Department of Fossil Fuels.

Number of places: 1

 

6. Methodology of comprehensive environmental-social research of protected areas on the example of landscape parks in Małopolska Region.

Supervisor: dr hab. inż. Alicja Kicińska

Auxiliary supervisor: dr inż. Marcin Guzik

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: PhD thesis "Methodology of comprehensive environmental-social research of protected areas on the example of landscape parks in Małopolska Region" is to indicate the scope of necessary environmental and social research, which should be carried out in nature and legally protected areas, such as landscape parks. It is planned to carry out comprehensive environmental research in relation to such natural resources as water, soil, vegetation, rock surfaces and air, and consequently to create a catalog of research methodologies for individual environmental components. The creation of a catalog of research methods for protected areas will allow:

unified and reliable comparison of the environmental conditions of the areas of individual landscape parks in Małopolska Region, as well as throughout Poland;

defining tourist and investment absorption of individual regions;

will be the research basis for indicating and appointing additional forms of nature protection.

An important element of the doctoral thesis will also be the definition of the set of social research. Their assumed result should be knowledge about the needs of local society and tourists staying in landscape parks. This will allow for even better adjustment of protection, tourist and educational activities.

Research facilities: Research facilities will be provided by the Faculty of Geology Geophysics and Environmental Protection of the AGH University of Science and Technology and the Landscape Parks Group of the Małopolska Voivodship.

Number of places: 1

 

7. Application of machine learning techniques in seismostratigraphic and structural analysis of seismic data in areas of potential occurrence of conventional and unconventional hydrocarbon accumulations.

Supervisor: dr hab. Anna Świerczewska

Auxiliary supervisor: dr Paweł Pomianowski

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: Artificial intelligence, in particular machine learning, are key technological initiatives driving changes in the oil and gas industry. The lithological and facies diversity of Miocene sediments filling the Carpathian Foredeep provides an excellent opportunity for testing and implementing self-learning systems, i.e. machine learning. There are numerous conventional fields of natural gas in the Carpathian Foredeep, and there is also evidence to suggest that unconventional gas accumulations may occur in this region. The seismic signature of these accumulations varies. However, due to the huge amount of data obtained by 3D seismic method , the optimal interpretation of the seismic data requires the use of self-learning systems to automate cognitive processes. For this reason, the planned dissertation is expected to implement such techniques for the interpretation of 3D seismic data. The main purpose of the study is to determine the most effective sequence of seismic attributes selection to find hydrocarbon deposits. Detailed seismic analysis will be focused on the reconstruction of the facies architecture as well as on interpretation of sedimentological and tectonic processes. Self-learning systems will be used in the structural interpretation as well as in seismostratigraphic analyses.

Research facilities: Specialized computer programs, located in the Seismic Data Interpretation Department of Geofizyka Toruń S.A., will be used for the research and development of machine learning techniques.

Number of places: 1

 

8. Rational water management in the light of global and local legal regulations. Experiences of good practices in the era of experienced water deficit associated with climate change.

Supervisor: dr hab. inż. Barbara Tomaszewska, prof. AGH

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: Rational water management is a challenge for the 21st century. Ensuring access to clean water for the inhabitants of the planet, water management is a key issue for our civilization. We are all aware of its importance, but often, other current problems cause that we do not perceive this issue as crucial at any given time. This is more or less the issue considered by the statistical citizen, but unfortunately also at the level of the State, which pays a lot of attention primarily to current problems, and not to those that may turn out, even very significant, but in a certain time horizon. This is indicated, for example, by the information on the website of the Polish State Water, which is from 1 January 2018 the main entity responsible for the national water management. It informs that "work on the draft State Water Policy up to 2030 has been suspended and the project has not been implemented due to the lack of necessary provisions in the Water Law Act" (Polish waters, 2019). Therefore, an important issue seems to be an analysis of legal regulations, in a global and national context, including European Union directives, to develop an optimal model for water management in Poland, in the era of noticeable deficit of water intended for consumption but also used for irrigation of agricultural crops. The results of the doctoral thesis will be popularized in the form of a publication but also as a new curriculum, developed at the postgraduate level, covering key aspects of water management, paying particular attention to the so-called already existing in many places in the world "good practices". The results of the doctoral thesis will be implemented in a non-public university in which the candidate is employed. The legal regulations analyzed and proposed in the study program will address such adverse phenomena in the field of water management as: water pollution caused by agriculture, industry and households, industrial pollution as well as irrational, excessive water abstraction, or also climatic factors, manifesting in the form of hydrological drought or an increase in flood frequency. The nature of these phenomena is indicated by the Water Framework Directive (WFD, 2000) and the Floods Directive (DP, 2007): actions aimed at achieving good water status in the European Union and reducing flood risks, 2015. Also among the 17 goals indicated in the UN document for sustainable development (UN Sustainable Development Goals, 2016), one is paying particular attention. This is the goal, no. 6: Clean water and sanitation. For the analysis to be complete and takes into account the real weight of the problems, it is considered necessary that work would be promoted by an experienced hydrogeologist, a specialist in the field of exact sciences and the discipline: science about the Earth and the environment.

Research facilities: Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection of the AGH University of Science and Technology has an extensive research facilities necessary to carry out research covered by the proposed scientific and research issue. Due to the fact that the doctoral thesis is focused on formal and legal issues, the key in this respect is the access to the library database, covering a wide range of articles published in the form of legislative documents as well as books and articles indexed in key international scientific databases. In this context, the Main Library of the AGH University of Science and Technology enables employees and doctoral students access to the international library databases. The research will be partially financed within the international project between Poland and Turkey - Integrated  management of geothermal water: recovery of energy and water (acronym: GEOTHERM), financed by NCBiR and TÜBiTAK. Project No POLTUR 2/1/2017 (2017-2021). Professor Barbara Tomaszewska - Project Manager Officer.

Number of places: 1

 

9. Defining potential options for the management of acetate waste (cellulose acetate) enriched with triacetin, derived in the production of cigarette filters and filters used in innovative tobacco products.

Supervisor: dr hab. inż. Ewa Adamiec

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: The research regards the issue of management of waste derived from the operations of second the biggest tobacco companies in the world. Cellulose acetate enriched with triacetin is a by product of filter production, produced in substantial amounts in Philip Morris Polska S.A. in Cracow. Cellulose acetate is a natural product and after proper forming and preparation it is an excellent filtration material with high efficiency. Acetate waste is a difficult material to manage. The present research will aim at defining the directions of utilization of this type of waste, which will allow to extend the life cycle of this material, reduce the negative impact on the environment and more advanced waste management in accordance with the waste management hierarchy. Analysis of literature sources and preliminary material research allow to define three research directions:

- The use of acetate waste to create filtration materials used in other branches.

- The use of acetate waste as a substitute for pure acetate used in the production of plastics for the purpose of spectacle frames formations, covers for mobile devices, elements of small architecture in offices (soundproofing walls, office partitions) and other everyday objects.

- The use of acetate as a material for research on enrichment of filters by applying mineral nanoparticles and metal ions.

Such extensive development directions of this waste result from the fact that it is a material of natural origin characterized by ease of molding (both by injection and extrusion), ease of coloring, good dimensional stability, the ability to create objects with good scratch resistance, high aesthetics and high transparency. This material has proven potential for biodegradation.

Research facilities: Reflected light microscopy, Scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (JEOL JCM-6000 Neoscope II)), Electron microprobe (EPMA) (FEI Quanta 200 FEG, infrared spectrometer with a Raman microscope (NICOLET 6700 ThermoScientific, DXR Raman Microscope Thermo Scientific), X-Ray diffraction (XRD SmartLab (9 kW) RIGAKU with a high temperature camera HTK 1200, Miniflex 600 RIGAKU, APD X’Pert Pw3020 PHILIPS), X-Ray fluorescence ((PRIMINI RIGAKU), Inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS Perkin Elmer ELAN 6100) and atomic absorption spectroscopy (iCE3000 Thermo Fisher Scientific)

Number of places: 1

 

10. Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics 3T mineralization of Kibara Belt in Central Africa.

Supervisor: dr hab. Jaroslav Pršek

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: Scientific project will be study problems connected to geochemistry, mineralogy and mineralization processes of 3T mineralization (tin - Sn, tungsten - W, tantal - Ta) genetically connected with fertile Sn bearing granites G4 from Kibara Belt, Central Africa. Three basic mineralization types are now exploited in the Kibara Belt: various pegmatite types, greisens, albitites and vein types. Content of elements as (3T, Li, Be, Rb, Cs) as well as mineralogy of G4 leucogranites is still unknown. Complex study of mineralogy and geochemistry of mineralized granites and pegmatites and vein deposits connected with them will have a huge impact for economic potential of ore-bearing district. Study of problems connected to genesis of ore mineralization with help of granite mineralogical composition, ore and gangue mineral geochemistry, Sm/Nd, O, Lu/Hf, Re/Os isotopes and fluid inclusion study will help to identify precise genesis of the 3T mineralization occurring in the Central Africa. Study of chemical composition of cassiterite as well as Nb-Ta minerals using the EMPA and LA-ICP-MS will help to better extraction of the rare/critical elements (In, REE, Li, Be, Rb, Cs, Mo). For genetic study of mineralization, their zonality, distance from the solution source tourmaline could be used. Tourmaline is typical mineral occurring in that mineralization types and it is variable in shape, paragenesis, chemical and mineralogical composition That study could help us to recognize different genetic types in the studied areas. Mineralogical composition of granites, characteristics of ore and gangue minerals and their paragenesis will help us to find the source for metals (one or more sources). In leucogranites or their mineralized parts alterations are typical. Alteration study and its identification will help us to prepare better genetic model for 3T mineralization.

Research facilities: At WGGiOŚ is available practically all necessary infrastructure (XRD, XRF, EMPA, EDS, IR, Raman) for planned research. During the planned researches connected to the topic, student together with supervisor and employer will be cooperated with scientific institutions in the Europe (Leoben University, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Lulea University) as well as companies and scientific institutions in Africa (Ngali Mining, Rwanda Mining Board, Ministry of Mininig, Kigali University). Now, Proxis works on few prospecting licenses in Rwanda, where mineralization of 3T (Nb-Ta, Sn, W) occurs and which could be considered as model examples. The most interesting areas are central-eastern part (Kayonza, Gatsibo, Rwamanga) and central part (Kamonyi, Gasabo). Cooperation between upper mentioned institutions is necessary to obtains data for the scientific problem solving. Financial support, especially for the field works, modeling and basic mineralogical-geochemical analyses as well as isotopic research will be covered by private companies working in the Rwanda Territory. The rest of the isotopic study as well as fluid inclusion study will be supported by foreign institutions. Company has access to ICP-OES and portable XRF, which could be used for quick chemical analyses directly in the field for better understanding the 3T mineralization bearing areas.

Number of places: 1

 

11. Analysis of the possibility of hydrogen storage in salt caverns depending on the geological structure and depth of storage cavern foundation (Possible ways of hydrogen escape stored in salt caverns in terms of mineralogy and petrography).

Supervisor: dr hab. inż. Krzysztof Bukowski

Auxiliary supervisor: dr Jacek Wachowiak

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: The aim of the studies will be to determine the properties of rocks occurring in salt domes and bedded salt deposits in Poland, in terms of the possibilities of hydrogen storage in salt caverns. The mineralogical and petrographic tests will cover various types of rocks occurring within the salt series, both pure rock salts in which hydrogen will be stored, but also gangue and associated rocks (potassium-magnesium salts, anhydrites, gypsum rocks, clays, siltstones, clayey salts called "zuber", breccias of varied composition and others). These tests will consist of taking samples from drilling cores from various salt domes and bedded salt deposits of the Zechstein formations in Poland, grouping samples depending on their mineralogical-petrographic composition and their properties. The possible escape ways for hydrogen from the storage cavern will be taken into account under certain pressure and temperature conditions. The salt rocks will be examined in detailed permeability tests, and also a cement stone will be tested. On the basis of these results it will be possible to determine the hydrogen escape ways within the rock salt depending on their crystallinity, microscopic structure and texture, admixtures, content of insolubles, purity of salt, presence of liquid-gas inclusions, or degree of diagenesis and recrystallization of these rocks. As part of the research task, it is planned to create laboratory equipment that will allow selected rock salt and gangue rocks samples to be tested by hydrogen treatment under strictly assumed pressure and temperature, which will be similar to the conditions prevailing in storage caverns. Such tests may be necessary in the future to create a computer model of the cavern intended for hydrogen storage.

Research facilities: Research background will be offered by AGH WGGiOŚ (mainly mineralogical and petrographic research) and by Ośrodek Badawczo-Rozwojowy Górnictwa Surowców Chemicznych CHEMKOP Sp. z o.o. The company has been participating, since 2015 in the HESTOR research project "Energy storage in the form of hydrogen in salt caverns". The project considered such aspects as: storage of electricity from RES in the form of hydrogen, its transport and use as emission-free fuel for the purpose of re-generating electricity to cover peak demand, including in fuel cells. Therefore, it is possible to use the knowledge and experience of CHEMKOP employees in the field of salt caverns designed for hydrogen storage. The company has research background in the form of a chemical laboratory (physicochemical properties testing of salts and brines) and a mining research laboratory, where salt leaching analyzes, determination of the amount of insoluble parts and research models of leaching caverns in large blocks of rock salt can be performed. In addition, the laboratory offers immediate strength tests in uniaxial and triaxial state of stress in the temperature range from 20°C to 90 °C and rheological tests. It is also possible to carry out and obtain financing for part of the research under the grant.

Number of places: 1

 

12. Development of methods for three-dimensional modeling of the excavation, for the purposes of settling the deposit extraction.

Supervisor: dr hab. inż. Mariusz Młynarczuk

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: The subject of the research will be the development of the methodology of 3D modeling of mining excavations from the salt mining areas for purposes related to mining planning and mining settlement. The current method of modeling of excavation consists, mainly, in manual data processing in external software. In addition, the resulting model is affected by errors resulting from the application of TIN (Triangular Irregular Network) model and the lack of sufficient data. Therefore, the research subject will be exploring the possibility of a highly automated process of creating and updating a 3D model of selected mining excavations along with its application for settlement of deposit extraction. This task will be implemented on the basis of knowledge in the field of geodesy, remote sensing, data processing, geology and software programming. The main benefit of the research will be the possibility of automatic settlement of mining. By linking the model of excavations created in the Project with geological models, it will be possible to obtain information about the current production of individual salt species. Another important aspect of proposed work will be the ability to accurately project of excavations, taking into account the safety requirements.

Research facilities: The project will be implemented in cooperation between AGH-UST and KGHM. Department of Geoinformatics and Applied Computer Science AGH has high-performance computer equipment (Blade server graphic stations, computing clusters, etc.) and specialized software. This equipment will be used to carry out advanced numerical calculations and 3D modeling of excavations. On the part of KGHM, the necessary measuring equipment will be provided: Zeb-HORIZON 3D mobile scanner (+ necessary software), tachymeter (+ the necessary equipment),, d specialized software:, CAE Studio 3, CAE Studio RM, Bentley Microstation CONNECT, Bentley Microstation V8i Select Series 4, Bentley Map V8i Select Series 4, GeoSLAM Hub, JRC 3D Reconstructor 3, SCENE 2019. The equipment possessed by both partners ensures that researches necessary to complete the doctoral thesis will be carried out.

Number of places: 1

 

13. Identification of hydrocarbon accumulation based on rock lithofacies, petrophysics, fluids saturation and elastic parameters.

Supervisor: dr hab. inż. Michał Malinowski, prof. PAN

Auxiliary supervisor: dr inż. Krzysztof Sowiżdżał

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: The proposed research subject concerns the optimization of the interdisciplinary, spatial characterization of selected exploration areas in the process of hydrocarbon accumulation identification based on coherent image of the analyzed area, by integration of rock properties with elastic parameters. The sensitivity of rock physical properties (eg. density, porosity, brittleness) with particular reference to saturation fluid type, on the elastic parameters (velocities and impedances of compressional and shear waves, Lamé parameters, bulk modulus, shear modulus, Poisson ratio, Young modulus) will be analyzed within individual lithofacies while incorporating anisotropy if present. Dependencies defined at the borehole (well logs) and laboratory (core data) scales, will be upscaled for correlation to the surface seismic data, and will be used for:

Spatial reservoir characterization of selected physical rock properties (including porosity, fluid saturation, fracture susceptibility);

Identification of prospective areas characterized by the most favorable reservoir parameters and hydrocarbon accumulation conditions (sweet spots);

Conducting a hierarchical classification of optimal areas and locations for completion.

The use of an optimized procedure resulting from the undertaken research subject, addressing the issues dynamically developing Rock Physics concept, will allow to constrain more reliable spatial property modeling of the reservoir by set of theoretical solutions in practice. Consistency and reliability of the obtained results of reservoir property modeling has significant impact in the subsequent stages of reservoir characterization since it is used for hydrocarbon volume estimates, simulations processes are performed and decisions with serious financial consequences are made.

Research facilities: For the purpose of implementing the research project, computer hardware and software facilities within the Laboratory of Reservoir and Petroleum System Modeling in the Geology and Geochemistry Department of INIG –PIB will be used. This includes Petrel software, which is dedicated for data integration and spatial reservoir characterization running on workstations characterized by high computational power, needed to carry out the project. Moreover, the Department of Geology and Geochemistry own laboratory grade equipment that allows to handle the most advanced research-level experiments providing core measurements required for data calibration relevant to the proposed research study. The research study will be implemented mainly as a part of statutory founded projects and research projects subvented by Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education realized with the use of real data. Also, international journal database (ICI Journals Master List) and research monographs related to the proposed research topic, collected by the INIG-PIB Library are available. In addition, the PhD candidate will be applying for a “PRELUDIUM” funding opportunity intended for pre-doctoral researchers about to embark on their scientific career. The above mentioned research infrastructure will allow for full implementation of the research project. In addition, computer workstation, software and library collections will be available to the potential PhD student for unlimited use for the duration of the research project.

Number of places: 1

 

14. Elaboration of the measurement technology for a determination of geometrical parameters of underground caverns designed to store liquid hydrocarbon or gas or pressured air.

Supervisor: dr hab. inż. Nguyen Dinh Chau, prof. AGH

Auxiliary supervisor: dr inż. Andrzej Gardeła

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: The aim of the project is an evaluation of the ultrasonic technology for the measurements of the underground cavern geometric parameters by the help of an echo-probe. The underground caverns are formed after salt exploitation and designed for store of a liquid or gas hydrocarbon or pressure air. The underground caverns are connected with earth surface by a borehole. From the application of the ultrasonic wave techniques point of view, in the project the physical and chemical parameters of the stored medium will be carried out. In the project some selected transducers of the ultrasonic waves used in the measurement of both underground caverns geometrical parameters and velocity of the ultrasonic wave propagation will be carried out. The next problem connected with the measurement of the caverns with an exploitation steel pipe system will be also considered. In the project the system sending the data recorded by the echo-probe in the studied cavern to the electronic apparatus system on the earth surface will be investigated. The expected results of the project will be elaborated measurement procedures and some proposal better simple measurement systems for our company.

Research facilities: Company for Research and Development of Chemical Resources Mining „CHEMKOP” posses some apparatuses for the testing and calibration of the echo-probe used in the measurement of the geometrical parameters of the underground caverns designed for the store of liquid and gas hydrocarbon. In our Company there are also the laboratories and work-plant. At the lab the investigation of the process sending the data by geophysical cables can be carried out, while at the work-plant we can make some mechanical and electronic elements for construction of the different necessary tools. It worth adding in our company there are some workers with many experiences in the realizing the tasks for the research and development.

Number of places: 1

 

15. Sedimentological forward modelling of Miocene deposits in the eastern part of the Polish Carpathian Foreland Basin .

Supervisor: prof. dr hab. Szczepan Porębski

Auxiliary supervisor: dr. Piotr Dziadzio

Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection

Abstract: For the past 60 years, the Miocene infill of the Carpathian Foreland Basin has been the subject of an intense research focused on exploration and exploitation of natural gas. Despite of that the Miocene deposits are poorly recognized in terms of regional facies successions and major geological constraints controlling their distribution in the basin fill. In order to solve this research problem, it is proposed to run stratigraphic forward modeling of the Miocene strata that will simulate timewise the processes of erosion, transport and deposition calibrated against main geological controls, such as changes in relative base level (summary effect of tectonic subsidence and eustacy), type and rate of sediment influx, synsedimentary tectonisms, paleogeography, etc. The work will based on a multidisciplinary dataset derived from wells (cores, wire-line logs, biostratigraphic dating), seismic images, and archive data. The project has clearly defined, both research and development aspects and a significant novelty. This is because the predicted outcome will enable verification of the current state of knowledge regarding the tectono-stratigraphic evolution of the Miocene basin fill, introduce a new type of geological information (3D basin model) and provide new constraints in future exploration work for hydrocarbons in the area. So far, this kind of numerical reconstructing of basin architecture has not been attempted in the Polish research area.

Research facilities: Both University of Science and Technology in Krakow (AGH) and Oil and Gas Institute-National Research Institute (INiG-PIB) have multi-faceted research facilities, which will be made available for the purposes of the project. Both institutions possess also software necessary for data integration and interpretation on a common platform. INiG will be provided with educational licence permitting the use of stratigraphic simulation module on the Petrel platform. The project will benefit from free access to the rich literature resources of the AGH library. Moreover, the project may indirectly draw on the subsidy from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education granted to INiG-PIB for in-house projects. Thanks to this funding, it will be possible to conduct additional research necessary for the implementation of the proposed project.

Number of places: 1